India, one of the world’s five major ship recycling countries, has acceded to the IMO Hong Kong Convention, the treaty that will set global standards for safe and environmentally-sound ship recycling.
brings this important convention a significant step closer to entering into
force, with the required 15 States now party to it and with India’s ship
recycling volume considerably contributing to the required recycling capacity.
The Hong Kong
Convention1 covers the design, construction, operation and
maintenance of ships to ensure they can be recycled safely and in an
environment-friendly way at the end of their lives. It also deals with how
ships should be prepared for their final voyage to a recycling facility,
without compromising their safety or operational efficiency.
Under the Hong
Kong Convention, ships sent for recycling are required to carry an inventory of
all hazardous materials on board. Ship recycling facilities are required to
provide a “Ship Recycling Plan”, specifying how each ship will be
recycled, based on its particular characteristics and its inventory of
Krishna, Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Shipping and Mr.
Amitabh Kumar, India’s Director General of Shipping, deposited the instrument
of accession to the treaty with IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim today (28
November) during the thirty-first session of the IMO Assembly.
accession, IMO Secretary-General Lim urged other States, in particular those
with a considerable ship recycling volume, to become Party to the treaty as
soon as possible.
happens to ships at the end of their lifetime is an important global issue with
major consequences for safety and the environment,” Mr. Lim said. “I
urge all countries yet to do so to ratify this important convention so it can
enter into force and provide a consistent, global regulatory regime for this
The treaty will
enter into force 24 months after three separate criteria have been met. It must
be ratified by 15 States – but these States must represent 40% of world
merchant shipping by gross tonnage, and a combined maximum annual ship
recycling volume (during the preceding 10 years) of not less than 3% of their
combined gross tonnage.
accession, the number of States2 required has now been reached,
but further tonnage and recycling volumes are needed before the convention can
enter into force.
The top five ship
recycling countries in the world, between them accounting for more than 98% of
all ship recycling by gross tonnage3, are Bangladesh, China, India,
Pakistan and Turkey.
title: The Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally
of Ships, 2009
Contracting States at 28/11/2019 are: Belgium, Congo, Denmark, Estonia, France,
Germany, Ghana, India, Japan, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Panama, Serbia
and Turkey. They between them represent just over 30% of world merchant
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